So, this came from a debate I had at work today with my colleague. These are put simply and without much depth, as I'm hoping people will elaborate.
Humans are basically good deep down, and given the absence of law, order and governance (and by extension the consequences for disobeying said laws), most people will try to be morally upstanding, still treat people well and generally be "good".
Humans are still basically animals. Most of our behaviour and adherence to Law comes from fear of punishment, rather than a genuine belief that is the right thing to do. Given the breakdown of society, humans would revert to selfish base instincts, putting themselves first and foremost.
Personally, I believe the second. I look at places where "civilisation" has broken down, and the acts that are committed there in order to survive or even just for the hell of it.
Is there much literature on this, or any major studies? What do you folk think?